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Fewer female entrepreneurs during the corona pandemic

The number of female entrepreneurs has fallen significantly during the corona pandemic. However, the topic of self-employment was also a topic for women before the crisis much less often on the agenda than their male colleagues. 

There is a particular lack of female entrepreneurs in western German rural areas

While women accounted for only 20% of all business founders before the pandemic, their share of 16% of business start-ups recorded in the commercial register in 2021 – the Corona wedding – was even higher even lower.

Childcare as a hurdle for female entrepreneurs?

According to study makers can various factors mean that women are less likely to start a business. For example, one reason could be that women tend to be more risk-averse.

In addition, women receive less venture capital when starting a business and are more likely to be supported by friends and family.

According to the makers of the study, one reason for the decline in female business founders during the corona pandemic could be that during school and daycare closures, women made up most of the childcare have taken over.

In addition, she plays career and study choices of women a crucial role. Women are underrepresented in many courses with a high start-up rate, such as engineering and computer science.

The study also revealed that in the eleven sectors with the highest number of start-ups, including the manufacturing industry, construction and financial services, the proportion of women in start-ups has even been falling continuously since 2010. Especially in the business field with the highest innovation potential, the high-tech sector, there were few female entrepreneurs.

A Increase in female entrepreneurs could, however, be recorded in the healthcare sector. Here, the proportion of women has risen to a third.

About the female start-up study

For the study, the researchers from the Leibniz Institute for Economic Research, in cooperation with the research institute “Infas 360”, evaluated entries in the commercial register in the period from 2005 to 2021. The data contains in particular limited liability companies and entrepreneurial companies and thus concentrates on companies with above-average innovation potential.